Posts Tagged ‘Vizier’
If Joseph and Imhotep were the same person, this would mean that chariots existed in Egypt as early as the third dynasty.
In the third dynasty, only high officials like the pharaoh and his chancellor / sage / vizier were afforded a chariot to travel in.
Chariots in the 3rd dynasty were not horse drawn, they were carried by a procession of servants.
The Hebrew word ‘merkabah’ in the Bible can be translated as ‘chariot’ or ‘riding seat’. It does not distinguish between a vehicle that is horse drawn or a vehicle that is carried.
Horse drawn chariots with wheels were used for military purposes and were not introduced until the late 12th / 13th dynasty.
Most of the chariots of the 12 & 13th dynasty were lost in the Red Sea at the time of the Exodus. Paintings depicting horse drawn chariots in the 12th dynasty would not have survived.
It is hardly surprising then that there are no findings of horse draw chariots before the Hyksos (15th dynasty) unless, of course, one accepts that the chariot wheels found in the Red Sea by Wyatt in 1978 were from the 12th and 13th dynasty.
The empty sarcophagus of Imhotep in a funerary pit connected to the Ibis Gallery. Dating to the time of Djoser, third dynasty, the tomb was orientated to the North indicating Imhotep did not worship the Egyptian Gods. (Jonathan Gray)
forward video to 29min 10 seconds to see the entrance of the Step Pyramid complex. The columns had the shape of a corn cob.
forward video to 33min 10 seconds to see the Grain storage system designed by Imhotep / Joseph.
forward video to 38min 0sec to see the Ibis Gallery
forward video to 38min 35seconds to see Imhotep’s tomb with an empty sarcophagus orientated to the north
The tomb of Imhotep was connected to the Ibis Gallery. The tomb contained a coffin / Sarcophagus that was empty. It was empty because the Israelites took Joseph / Imhotep’s bones with them when they left Egypt at the time of the Exodus. This was Joseph’s (Imhotep’s) wishes before he died.
It was a mastaba type tomb with a burial pit that connected to the animal gallery containing thousands of mummified Ibis birds, falcons and baboons; even bulls.
The Mastaba was orientated to the North indicating that Imhotep did not worship Re.
The sarcophagus had many titles on it that could have applied to Imhotep or Joseph. Pots with the imprint of Zozer were also found in the tomb.
Over a thousand years after his death, Imhotep was deified by the Greeks and the Egyptians.
The pit containing Imhotep’s empty sarcophagus was connected to the Ibis Gallery containing thousands of jars with mummified Ibis birds that were dedicated to Imhotep by pilgrims who visited his tomb in the Ptolemaic period; over a thousand years after his death. People came to the tomb hoping to be healed.
A statue thought to be Djoser’s inscribed with Imhotep’s name and titles
Imhotep, Chancellor of the King of Lower Egypt [3,4,5,6], Chief under the King (of Upper Egypt [3,6]), Administrator of the Great Palace, Hereditary Lord, High Priest of Heliopolis, Imhotep the Builder, the Sculptor, the Maker of Stone Vases [3,4,5,6]
The statue was found by Cecil Firth in 1926 . In 1964 Walter Emery found a tomb close to the Step Pyramid .
The tomb contained thousands of pots containing mummified Ibis birds, falcons and baboons .
Imhotep’s mummy was never found.
 Chronicle of the Pharaohs – A reign by reign record of the rulers and dynasties of anchient Egypt Peter A Clayton Thames and Hudson 2006 ISBN 978 0 500 28628 9
At the bottom of the central shaft there is a platform on which stood the Sarcophagus of Djoser. The shaft itself was cased with large limestone blocks and the roof was sealed with a heavy granite slab. The Step Pyramid was constructed above.
Imhotep constructed an elaborate network of tunnels around the central shaft which linked to the main entrance tunnel.
Were these tunnels made to retrieve grain or were they made to throw off grave robbers?
Some of the tunnels actually went beneath the platform for the sarcophagus of Djoser. Why was there a need for a platform? Was the shaft originally used to store grain? Were the tunnels used to retrieve grain from the bottom of the shaft? Did the platform plug the hole in the bottom of the shaft used to access the grain.
Was the shaft first used to store grain and then converted into a burial chamber for Djoser?
The Step Pyramid was built on top of a Shaft in which the Pharaoh was buried. Was this shaft originally used to store grain or was it made for this purpose?
The shaft was cased with large limestone blocks and the top was sealed. A limestone mastaba was constructed over it. Successive layers were then added to the mastaba to bury the rest of Djoser’s family. The final result was the Step pyramid.
In about 500BC the limestone casing in the shaft collapsed, crushing Djoser’s sarcophagus. It was only in recent times that the rubble in the tomb has been cleared and the tomb inspected.
The shaft would have had to have been constructed before the pyramid was constructed.
This means that Djoser must have died and been placed in the shaft before the construction of the Step Pyramid. The famine occurred during Djoser’s life time as did the seven years of plenty. Maybe the shaft was originally used to store grain and later was lined with limestone and used as a burial chamber. A limestone mastaba was contructed on top of the burial chamber and then successive mustabas were added to bury Djoser’s 11 daughters and three wives. The original mastaba was extended horizontally and then vertically (stacking one upon another) resulting in a Step Pyramid which was then faced with nicely cut limestone (which has fallen down over the centuries).